Balitraveldiary.com – At present, Bali is famous as the province with the largest Hindu followers in Indonesia. The existence of Hinduism in Bali, is able to unite people from various circles. The union did not come suddenly. Moreover, Bali was known to have many religious sects. However, all the sects united through a meeting that was held at the Samuan Tiga Temple in Ubud.
Pura Samuan Tiga is indeed not a temple with an important role like Pura Besakih. However, its existence in the past has a big role in maintaining unity and unity in Bali. Through the meeting held at Samuan Tiga Temple, the Balinese people no longer know the sects. The Balinese agreed to only worship Trimurti, none other than Lord Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu.
Pura Samuan Tiga as the forerunner to the existence of the Khayangan Tiga Temple
Then, how to unite the Balinese Hindu community after an agreement to eliminate the sects? The method used is to establish a three-heavenly temple. The concept of the three heavenly temples is also inseparable from the existence of the Pakraman village concept which is the result of thoughts from MPU Kuturan.
Both of these concepts do have a very close relationship. Moreover, in each area of Pakraman village, you will find three temples which are included in the heavenly temple of the universe. The three temples are temples that represent Trimurti worship, namely Desa Pura, Dalem Temple, and Puseh Temple. This concept is also used in every village in Bali.
History of the existence of the Samuan Tiga Temple in Ubud
Previously, Samuan Tiga Temple was known as Gunung Goak Temple. This name is embedded in the temple building because the location of the temple is on the mountain. As is known, in the belief of Balinese Hindus, mountains and hills have a sacred status. Therefore, the Balinese have a tendency to erect temples on hills or mountains.
Subsequently, the name of Gunung Goak Temple was changed to Samuan Tiga Temple after this temple was used as a meeting place for the unification of sects in Bali. At that time, a total of 9 sects were invited. Pura Samuan Tiga was chosen because it was considered to have a strategic location. Moreover, the meeting was an important meeting to be held.
After this meeting ended with a positive decision, the name of Gunung Goak Temple was changed to Samuan Tiga Temple. In Balinese, samuan has the meaning of meeting. This name is used to commemorate the events of the meeting that became the forerunner to the concept of the three heavenly shrine which is an effort to unite Bali.
As a temple that has high historical value, Pura Samuan Tiga is now known as one of the cultural heritage buildings in Bali. In addition, the Samuan Tiga Temple also has a unique building design. Here, you can find 7 mandalas and pelinggih that have similarities as in Pura Besakih.
Location of Pura Samuan Tiga Ubud
Pura Samuan Tiga is a temple that is quite open with the arrival of tourists. You can find this historic temple building located in the Bedulu area, Blahbatuh District, Gianyar. The location of this historical temple is very close to Goa Gajah Temple which is a famous tourist destination in Ubud.